Who it affects: The most common form of diabetes, type 2 typically affects those ages 50 to 60 years old, African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans. People with this type do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies have become resistant to insulin. Typically, poor eating habits and obesity can lead to developing type 2.
Symptoms: Those suffering from type 2 diabetes may not show symptoms for several years, says Bartlett. They’ll feel tired, hungry, and thirsty, and have an increased urge to urinate. Type 2 diabetics may also feel pain or numbness in their hands or feet.
Treatment: Those with type 2 can treat their diabetes with exercise and a healthy diet. For medication, oral insulin is the most common option, though injections are available, too.